Skip to main content
Version: Next

cut

Operator

cut extract subsets of record fields into new records

Synopsis

cut <field>[:=<expr>] [, <field>[:=<expr>] ...]

Description

The cut operator extracts values from each input record in the form of one or more field assignments, creating one field for each expression. Unlike the put operator, which adds or modifies the fields of a record, cut retains only the fields enumerated, much like a SQL projection.

Each <field> expression must be a field reference expressed as a dotted path or sequence of constant index operations on this, e.g., a.b or this["a"]["b"].

Each right-hand side <expr> can be any Zed expression and is optional.

When the right-hand side expressions are omitted, the cut operation resembles the Unix shell command, e.g.,

... | cut a,c | ...

If an expression results in error("quiet"), the corresponding field is omitted from the output. This allows you to wrap expressions in a quiet() function to filter out missing errors.

If an input value to cut is not a record, then the cut still operates as defined resulting in error("missing") for expressions that reference fields of this.

Note that when the field references are all top level, cut is a special case of a yield with a record literal having the form:

yield {<field>:<expr> [, <field>:<expr>...]}

Examples

A simple Unix-like cut

echo '{a:1,b:2,c:3}' | zq -z 'cut a,c' -

=>

{a:1,c:3}

Missing fields show up as missing errors

echo '{a:1,b:2,c:3}' | zq -z 'cut a,d' -

=>

{a:1,d:error("missing")}

The missing fields can be ignored with quiet

echo '{a:1,b:2,c:3}' | zq -z 'cut a:=quiet(a),d:=quiet(d)' -

=>

{a:1}

Non-record values generate missing errors for fields not present in a non-record this

echo '1 {a:1,b:2,c:3}' | zq -z 'cut a,b' -

=>

{a:error("missing"),b:error("missing")}
{a:1,b:2}