Skip to main content
Version: Next



rename change the name of record fields


rename <newfield>:=<oldfield> [, <newfield>:=<oldfield> ...]


The rename operator changes the names of one or more fields in the input records from the right-hand side name to the left-hand side name for each assignment listed. When <oldfield> references a field that does not exist, there is no effect and the input is copied to the output.

Non-record inputs are copied to the output without modification.

Each <field> must be a field reference as a dotted path and the old name and new name must refer to the same record in the case of nested records. That is, the dotted path prefix before the final field name must be the same on the left- and right-hand sides. To perform more sophisticated renaming of fields, you can use cut/put or record literals.

If a rename operation conflicts with an existing field name, then the offending record is wrapped in a structured error along with an error message and the error is emitted.


A simple rename

echo '{a:1,b:2}' | zq -z 'rename c:=b' -



Nested rename

echo '{a:1,r:{b:2,c:3}}' | zq -z 'rename r.a:=r.b' -



Trying to mutate records with rename produces a compile-time error

echo '{a:1,r:{b:2,c:3}}' | zq -z 'rename w:=r.b' -


cannot rename r.b to w

Record literals can be used instead of rename for mutation

echo '{a:1,r:{b:2,c:3}}' | zq -z 'yield {a,r:{c:r.c},w:r.b}' -



Alternatively, mutations can be more generic and use drop

echo '{a:1,r:{b:2,c:3}}' | zq -z 'yield {a,r,w:r.b} | drop r.b' -



Duplicate fields create structured errors

echo '{b:1} {a:1,b:1} {c:1}' | zq -z 'rename a:=b' -


error({message:"rename: duplicate field: \"a\"",on:{a:1,b:1}})